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30 March 2017

La théologie de la libération de Malek Bennabi

In Oumma.com
vendredi 23 juillet 2010 – par Mohamed Tahar Bensaada

Les théologies islamiques de la libération (8)

Ayant vécu l’expérience post-coloniale, Malek Bennabi (1905-1973) sera essentiellement préoccupé des problèmes de développement. L’accession à l’indépendance nationale et la construction d’un Etat moderne n’ont pas suffi à arracher les sociétés musulmanes au sous-développement économique, social et culturel. Ingénieur électricien de l’école polytechnique de Paris et nourri en même temps aux sources de la Nahda musulmane, Bennabi mettra cette double formation au service d’une œuvre consacrée à élucider cette thèse : le développement sera culturel ou ne sera pas.

La principale caractéristique de la relecture bennabienne de l’Islam sera de dépasser la dimension religieuse au sens restrictif pour l’aborder dans sa dimension civilisationnelle globale. La généralisation théorique à laquelle pouvait aller un esprit aussi profond ne doit pas cacher le fait que Bennabi avait en vue deux thèses apparemment contradictoires mais qui se rejoignent finalement dans une commune stérilité historique.

La première était défendue par le courant « traditionaliste » qui croyait à tort que la renaissance islamique pouvait se réaliser grâce à une revivification des pratiques religieuses et morales qui viendrait se superposer à un développement technique qui leur serait extérieur. La deuxième thèse était défendue par le courant « moderniste » qui concevait le développement comme une opération d’importation d’un modèle « clé en main » dont la généralisation suffirait à transformer les structures sociales et mentales.

Retrouver l’esprit de l’Islam

C’est en gardant présent à l’esprit ce combat sur deux fronts qu’il faut lire l’œuvre de Bennabi. Celui-ci ne se contente pas d’infirmer la prétention de ceux, parmi les orientalistes, qui ont cru voir dans l’Islam un facteur entravant la diffusion de la science et le progrès dans les sociétés musulmanes. Il réfute également la position des défenseurs de l’Islam qui perdent un temps précieux à « démontrer » que le Coran a prévu telle ou telle conquête scientifique contemporaine. Pour Bennabi, c’est là un faux problème. La question de savoir si l’Islam a pu ou non prévoir les développements scientifiques contemporains est un non-sens.

Ce qu’il convient de savoir est si l’Islam contredit ou non l’esprit scientifique dont l’acquisition représente une condition indispensable au succès de l’entreprise de développement : « Il ne s’agit pas de rechercher dans les versets coraniques ce qui y aurait trait à la conquête spatiale ou à l’atome mais de s’interroger s’il y a dans leur esprit ce qui pourrait entraver ou, au contraire, favoriser le mouvement de la science » (1)

Ce qui est important à noter, selon Bennabi, est que le Coran « a amené le climat rationnel nouveau qui permet à la science de se développer » et que « le développement de la science ne se mesure pas seulement par les données scientifiques mais aussi par l’ensemble des circonstances psychologiques et sociales qui se constituent dans un climat déterminé » (2).

En partant de cette considération, Bennabi propose une méthode analytique dans l’étude du phénomène coranique en vue d’atteindre un double objectif : 1) permettre à la jeunesse musulmane d’avoir une méditation religieuse rationnelle ; 2) proposer une réforme de l’ancienne méthode d’interprétation du Coran (3).

La relecture théologique de Bennabi vise essentiellement à redonner à l’Islam une dynamique sociale susceptible de contribuer à arracher les sociétés musulmanes à leur sous-développement et à leur dépendance. C’est sous cet angle qu’elle peut être définie comme une théologie de la libération. L’accent mis sur les questions de civilisation et de méthode conduit Bennabi à relativiser l’explication exogène du sous-développement et de la dépendance.

Pour lui, la colonisation n’est qu’un facteur parmi d’autres dans le procès du sous-développement. La preuve, même les pays qui n’ont pas la colonisation directe n’ont pas échappé au sous-développement.

Le concept de colonisabilité

Sans doute, la méthode culturelle de Bennabi sous-estime l’interaction profonde entre la formation de l’économie-monde, à travers l’expansion européenne, et la formation du « sous-développement » dans la périphérie qui n’a pas attendu l’ère de la colonisation pour devenir une réalité. Mais l’analyse de Bennabi a le mérite d’attirer l’attention sur le phénomène social endogène de la « décadence » qui a facilité l’œuvre de la colonisation.

Or, ce phénomène interne qui renvoie à l’évolution des structures sociales ne peut être compris si on ne le rapporte pas aussi à l’action consciente des acteurs sociaux, notamment les acteurs concernés par la production des savoirs susceptibles de jouer un rôle actif dans les révolutions économiques et sociales.

Par la suite, les facteurs de décadence et de colonisation vont se nourrir mutuellement dans le cadre d’un même système de sous-développement et de dépendance. Le concept de « colonisabilité » auquel a eu recours Bennabi rend compte de cette dialectique qui explique que l’indépendance politique n’a pas suffi à dépasser radicalement le rapport colonial. Le concept bennabien de « colonisabilité » rappelle celui de « complexe de dépendance » de Frantz Fanon.

Mais la différence entre les deux concepts reste importante : chez Fanon, le « complexe de dépendance » renvoie à un rapport psychologique (complexe d’infériorité) que le colonisé ou l’ex-colonisé continue à entretenir avec le colonisateur. Chez Bennabi, en revanche, le concept de « colonisabilité » rend compte d’une réalité sociale complexe qui fait que l’ancienne société colonisée continue à construire son présent et son avenir sur la base d’un schéma hérité de la colonisation qui la condamne au mal-développement.

Le concept de « colonisabilité » reste donc essentiellement marqué par une connotation culturelle forte. L’importance du facteur culturel est attestée a-contrario par l’entreprise de déculturation et de dépersonnalisation que le colonialisme a tenté d’organiser à grande échelle dans les colonies.

Après l’accession des pays colonisés à l’indépendance politique, l’œuvre de déculturation accomplie par le pouvoir colonial apparaît dans toutes ses conséquences néfastes : le complexe social de « colonisabilité », dont l’expression la plus spectaculaire est le complexe d’infériorité des élites dirigeantes, explique en grande partie l’échec d’une entreprise de modernisation qui n’arrive pas à s’arracher à la logique perverse de la dépendance laquelle nourrit à son tour de nouvelles formes de sous-développement.

A cet égard, Bennabi compare l’univers des « sous-développés » à celui des enfants, le rapport au monde est conçu comme un rapport à des objets à acquérir. Mais le pire est que cette propension à accumuler des choses d’autant plus étrangères qu’on ne les a pas produites atteint le domaine des concepts et des idées.

Le comportement consumériste des « sous-développés » dégénère en importation de modèles qui n’ont rien à voir avec la réalité sociale des pays sous-développés. Non seulement cette importation ne suffit pas à atteindre la modernisation sociale souhaitée mais elle contribue à annihiler les efforts consentis par des secteurs entiers de la société en vue de sortir du cercle vicieux du sous-développement et de la dépendance.

Le facteur culturel

En effet, le sous-développement ne se réduit pas à un processus économico-technique isolé de la conscience sociale de ses maîtres d’œuvre. Le facteur culturel ne vient pas se surajouter aux autres facteurs historiques. Il traverse et alimente l’ensemble du procès de reproduction de la formation sociale. De ce point de vue, l’apport de Bennabi à la théorie du développement témoigne de la fécondité du dialogue interdisciplinaire. Parti d’une préoccupation théologique et culturelle, Bennabi a enrichi la sociologie du développement quelles que soient par ailleurs les réserves qui peuvent être formulées à l’encontre de sa théorie générale.

Cependant, pour Bennabi, si le recours à un concept comme la « révolution culturelle » dans certains pays décolonisés illustre une prise de conscience de la dimension culturelle du développement, il ne suffit pas pour autant pour trouver la juste solution au problème ainsi posé. Bennabi commence par montrer les limites de la définition de la culture dans le capitalisme et le m marxisme. Dans le premier cas, une définition idéaliste qui met l’accent sur la connaissance héritée notamment de la civilisation gréco-romaine. Dans le second, la culture est ramenée à ses conditions de production sociale sans pour autant rendre compte de sa singularité complexe.

Bennabi insiste sur le caractère complexe de la culture qui est tout à la fois une morale, une esthétique, une logique pratique. La culture est ainsi définie comme un rapport organique entre le comportement de l’individu et le mode de vie sociale. Elle dépasse la dimension intellectuelle proprement dite et concerne le comportement des individus dans une société déterminée. Bennabi illustre sa position en opposant deux exemples : d’une part, celui de deux individus assumant deux fonctions sociales différentes dans le cadre d’une même société, par exemple, un médecin et un menuisier vivant et travaillant tous les deux en Angleterre.

De l’autre, deux individus assumant la même fonction sociale dans deux sociétés différentes, un médecin en Angleterre et un autre en Algérie. L’identité de comportement des deux premiers et la différence d’attitude des seconds ne peuvent s’expliquer par les facteurs d’éducation et de classe. Pour expliquer ce phénomène, Bennabi recourt au concept de « socialisation culturelle » entendue comme une synthèse complexe de données éthiques, esthétiques et logico-pratiques qui seule définit la culture (4).

Cette analyse, dont l’évidence ne saute pas aux yeux, permet néanmoins à Bennabi de dépasser les conceptions développementalistes qui misent soit sur unes stratégie éducative individualiste et élitiste (libéralisme) soit sur une stratégie industrialiste et collectiviste (étatisme). Dans les deux cas, la véritable « révolution culturelle », qui seule pourrait modifier les structures et les mentalités, n’est pas au rendez-vous. Dans les deux cas, on risque d’avoir un développement superficiel et limité. Mais le véritable développement qui suppose un changement social radical n’est pas atteint.

NOTES

Malek BENNABI, La production des orientalistes, Librairie Amar, Alger, 1970, p.34 Op.cit, p. 37 Malek BENNABI, Le phénomène coranique, Dar al Fikr, Beyrouth Malek BENNEBI, Le problème de la culture, Dar al Fikr, Beyrouth


Nombre de lectures : 2353
4 Commentaires sur cet article

LAISSER UN COMMENTAIRE

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  • Eldjoudhi
    23 juillet 2010 at 17 h 16 min - Reply

    Sujet polemique 🙂
    Pourquoi n’ai je le courage d’aborder Bennabi que tangentiellement 🙂
    Il y a un bout de « panegyrisme » dans la facon qu’ont « les conseravteurs » de l’aborder. Le parallele avec la theologie de la liberation est juste pour certaines positions de Bennabi mais pour d’autres, Bennabi es quasiment du cote de l’opus Dei (et donc a l’ppose de la philosophie de la praxis)




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  • Moh l’indigène
    23 juillet 2010 at 20 h 16 min - Reply

    J’espère ne pas subir la censure car le texte suivant a été piqué du site éradicateur de l’ex-Matin. Mais il a un intérêt certain dans le cadre du complexe de la « colonisabilité » de Malek Bennabi.

    ________________
    Le Matin

    Le 14 juillet vu des jardins de la résidence de l’ambassadeur, à Alger
    le 23 Juillet, 2010

    Qu’importent les tensions politiques entre les deux pays et les récentes restrictions budgétaires décidées par le Quai d’Orsay : la soirée mondaine d’Alger a bien eu lieu et la prise de la Bastille a été fêtée, cette année à Alger, comme il se doit ! L’ambassade de France à Alger a mis, le 14 juillet, les petits plats dans les grands. L’hymne national algérien, Qassaman, a résonné après La Marseillaise dans les jardins de la résidence de l’ambassadeur, à El Biar, sur les hauteurs d’Alger. Le gouvernement algérien y était représenté par Karim Djoudi, ministre des Finances ainsi qu’Amar Tou, son collègue des Transports. Le choix des deux hommes décidé par Abdelaziz Bouteflika, semble-t-il, n’est pas fortuit. Le premier est une étoile montante de l’équipe d’Ahmed Ouyahia, et le second s’occupe d’un secteur où le partenariat avec les entreprises françaises est très dense : 14 projets de tramway, des milliers de kilomètres de rail, métro d’Alger, etc. La coopération militaire entre les deux pays se porte plutôt bien. Parmi les nombreux officiers supérieurs présents, un haut gradé au nom familier : le général-major Mohamed Zerhouni, cousin de Yazid et conseiller spécial du ministre de la Défense, autrement dit d’Abdelaziz Bouteflika. Un hommage apprécié au père de la nation Bien que la représentation du pouvoir était conséquente, l’ambassadeur de France n’a pas pour autant oublié l’opposition et la société civile. Saïd Sadi (Rassemblement pour la culture et la démocratie, RCD) et Louisa Hanoune (Parti des travailleurs) ont honoré l’invitation, tout comme Mustapha Bouchachi, le président de la Ligue algérienne de défense des droits de l’homme (LADDH). Autre présence remarquable, celle de Maître Ali Yahia Abdennour, infatigable défenseur des droits de l’homme et membre fondateur de la LADDH. Quelques anciens combattants ont été conviés pour fêter l’alignement de leurs pensions de retraite sur celles de leurs compagnons d’armes français. Les quelques 600 convives ont écouté avec attention l’adresse de leur hôte Xavier Driencourt. Le diplomate a habilement placé les festivités sous le sceau du 150e anniversaire du sauvetage, en juillet 1860, de milliers de chrétiens promis à l’extermination par des extrémistes druzes par l’émir Abd el-kader à Damas. L’émir Abd el-kader étant considéré comme le père de la nation, l’assistance a particulièrement apprécié. Puis on est passé à table…

    Jerjer




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  • MH99
    25 juillet 2010 at 16 h 02 min - Reply

    By MH99,

    Bonjour,

    Concernant l’article ci-dessus (Concernant Mr Malik-Bennabi) ou est cite le passage suivant: « …Ce qu’il convient de savoir est si l’Islam contredit ou non l’esprit scientifique dont l’acquisition représente une condition indispensable au succès de l’entreprise de développement : « Il ne s’agit pas de rechercher dans les versets coraniques ce qui y aurait trait à la conquête spatiale ou à l’atome mais de s’interroger s’il y a dans leur esprit ce qui pourrait entraver ou, au contraire, favoriser le mouvement de la science » (1)… ».
    ///////////////////////////////////////////////////

    A titre de documentation/info je vous envoie le long document ci-dessous….:

    /////////////////////////////////////////////////

    Relativity in Quran (Koran)

    Einstein’s theory of special relativity states that the speed of light in vacuum (outside matter and gravitational fields) is always the same (at 299792.458 km/s). It is the time and space that vary according to the speed of objects; that is, faster objects experience slower time (Time Dilation). Also, general relativity states that time passes slower near bigger mass (in stronger gravitational fields). The whole theory of relativity revolves around this concept.
    Surprisingly, the Quran (Koran, the book of Islam) states that:
    Speed of Light is always the same at 299792.5 km/s
    Faster objects experience slower time (Time Dilation)
    Time passes slower near bigger mass (General Relativity)
    Pulsars and Black Holes
    Wormholes (Length Contraction)
    Gravitational Lensing
    Einstein’s theory of relativity proves the Quran right.
    Other: Rotation of Earth Slowing Down, Tectonics, Atmospheric Pressure, Ice in Comets

    ________________________________________
    Speed of Light a constant at 299792.5 km/s
    299,792.458 km/s is the speed of light in vacuum, that is, outside matter and gravitational fields. However according to Einstein’s theory of General Relativity, the velocity of light varies with the intensity of the gravitational field, that is, this is not the speed of light inside gravitational fields.
    1400 years ago it was stated in the Koran (Quran, the book of Islam) that angels travel in one day the same distance that the moon travels in 1000 lunar years, that is, 12000 Lunar orbits / Earth day. Today we know that if we remove the Earth-moon system from the gravitational field of the sun all observers will see the speed of light outside gravitational fields to be equivalent to 12000 Lunar orbits / Earth day.
    Moslems (Muslims) believe that angels are low density creatures, and that God created them originally from light. They move at any speed from zero up to the speed of light. It is the angels who carry out God’s orders. Those angels take their orders from a Preserved Tablet somewhere in outer space near Earth, and not form God’s Throne. They commute to and from this Preserved Tablet to get their orders from God. In the following verse, the Quran is describing how angels travel when they commute to and from this Tablet. And the speed at which they commute to and from this Tablet turned out to be the known speed of light:
    [Quran 32.5] (Allah) Rules the cosmic affair from the heavens to the Earth. Then this affair travels to Him a distance in one day, at a measure of one thousand years of what you count.
    It is the angels who carryout these orders (see why Arabic wording refers to distance at footnote [1]). Hence in 1 day, the angels will travel a distance of 1000 years of what they counted. Those people back then followed the lunar calendar and counted 12 lunar months each year. These months are related to the moon and not related to the sun. Since this verse is referring to distance, then Allah is saying that angels travel in one day the same distance that the moon travels in 12000 lunar orbits. Outside gravitational fields this speed turned out to the known speed of light (Preserved Tablet is outside gravitational fields):
    The Earth-moon system covers an angle ø around the sun each cycle (sidereal lunar month). Without the gravitational fields of the sun the lunar orbit cannot change direction but rather floats in a straight path to distant stars. But due to the gravitational field of the sun, the lunar obit is changing direction every cycle by this angle ø with respect to distant stars.

    Consider the velocity vector of an entire orbit around Earth. Every point in this orbit has a certain magnitude and a certain direction. As the moon heads to the sun it speeds up, and as it heads away from the sun it slows down. This creates a sector of the orbit where the moon is speeding up. But as the Earth goes around the sun, the position of the sun relative to Earth with respect to stars is changing. This makes the sector where the moon is speeding up move forward inside the orbit such that it points to the sun again. Hence the entire orbit changes direction with respect to stars by the same angle it orbits the sun (twist). This means that the orbit is influenced by a net rotational force (like torque around Earth). As the distance to the sun increases to infinity, ø decreases to zero and this force decreases to zero. When we vectorially remove the energy gained from this force we can calculate the total energy and hence the length of the lunar orbit outside gravitational fields.
    Time:
    This table below shows the lunar month and the Earth day in both sidereal system (with respect to stars) and synodic (with respect to sun):
    Period Synodic (sun) Sidereal (stars)
    Earth day t 24 hours = 86400 sec 23 h 56 min 4.0906 sec = 86164.0906 sec
    Lunar Month T 29.53059 days 27.321661 days = 655.71986 hours
    NASA uses the sidereal system (with respect to stars) for defining the lunar orbit, lunar month (T), the Earth day (t) and for calculating the velocity of the moon. Similarly, Moslems use the sidereal system (with respect to stars) in their proof: For the Earth-moon system to be outside gravitational fields then the distance to the sun has to increase. And as the distance to the sun increases the sun becomes just another star; that is the synodic lunar month becomes equal to the sidereal lunar month, the synodic day becomes equal to the sidereal day.
    Distance:
    So the formula as proposed by Allah is:
    Distance traveled by angels in one day = 12000 x Distance traveled by moon during one orbit
    And since Distance = Velocity x Time:
     C t = 12000 V’ T
    Where:
    C Is the velocity of angels, which we intend to calculate and then compare to the known speed of light (no external forces, no acceleration, no deceleration).
    t Is the sidereal terrestrial day defined as the time of one rotation of the Earth about its axis (with respect to stars); i.e. 23 hr, 56 min, 4.0906 sec = 86164.0906sec.
    V’ Is the inertial velocity of the moon (no external forces, no acceleration, no deceleration); which we intend to calculate.
    T Is the sidereal lunar month defined as the time of one revolution of the moon around Earth (with respect to the stars); i.e. 27.321661 days = 655.71986 hours.

    Velocity of the Moon:
    The velocity of the moon is not constant. NASA measured the spontaneous velocity of the moon at various instances throughout its orbit. These measurements show that the velocity of the moon varies considerably (from 3470 km/hr up to 3873 km/hr); which means that the moon accelerates and then decelerates continuously. The average lunar velocity is Vavg = 3682 km/hr. Most astronomy textbooks calculate this value manually by the following method:
    Velocity = Distance / Time = Length of lunar orbit / Time
    As the Earth goes around the sun, the whole moon’s orbit travels along with Earth. This makes the moon travel in a much longer spiral path; But this is not the length of the lunar orbit relative to Earth. The lunar orbit relative to Earth is an ellipse having an average radius R = 384267 km. So, the length (L) of this elliptical orbit relative to Earth is:
    L = 2 π R
    V = L / T  V = 2 π R / T
    Substituting R = 384267 km and T = sidereal lunar month = 655.71986 hr:
    V = (2 x 3.l4l593 x 384267) / 655.71986 = 3682.092 km/hr
    Although this velocity is correct relative to Earth, this velocity is under the influence of the gravitational pull of the sun:
    299,792.458 km/s is the speed of light for observers standing outside gravitational fields and looking at light also traveling outside gravitational fields. But an observer near a black hole for example sees the speed of light outside gravitational fields a zillion km/s. This is because the velocity of light appears to vary with the intensity of the gravitational field (See proof at footnote [2]).
    According to the theory of General Relativity, an observer standing outside gravitational fields (in vacuum) looks at events inside gravitational fields and sees them in slow motion. When he steps inside those gravitational fields he sees them in normal speeds. But now he looks back at where he was outside gravitational fields and sees the events there in fast motion. In our case the event is the moon orbiting Earth. When an observer in stronger gravitational fields, near a black hole for example, looks at the Earth-moon system he does not see the moon orbiting Earth once every month; instead he sees the moon orbiting Earth once every few seconds; he also sees the length of the lunar orbit to be much longer than we see it.
    Not only observers in different gravitational fields will not agree on the time period for a lunar orbit but also they will not agree on the distance traveled by the moon (thus they will all disagree on the velocity of the moon). If you remove the Earth-moon system from the gravitational field of the sun they will all see the speed of light outside gravitational fields to be equivalent to 12000 lunar orbits/ Earth day; but they will never agree on a value in km/sec. An observer near a black hole for example sees the speed of light outside gravitational fields a zillion km/s but still equal to 12000 Lunar orbits/ Earth day. To get all observers agree on the value of 299792.458 km/s they will all have to step out of their respective gravitational fields.

    We can vectorially calculate the velocity of the moon relative to Earth without the gravitational pull of the sun: Since the Earth and the moon orbit the sun together, then the velocity vector of the entire orbit around Earth has to have the same direction as the direction of Earth around the sun at the end of each cycle (otherwise they will diverge):

    In the isolated Earth-moon system (no sun), the moon’s isolated vector remains in the original direction with respect to stars. But in the compounded system, the moon’s compounded vector changes direction by angle ø with respect to stars each cycle around Earth. This means that the moon’s mean velocity (V) is the vectorial sum of the velocity acquired from Earth’s spin (V’) plus the velocity acquired form the gravitational field of the sun (see isolated systems at footnote [3]).
    V’ = V cosø
    Where V’ is the velocity of the moon relative to Earth without sun’s gravitational pull; V is the velocity of the moon relative to Earth with sun’s gravitational pull; and ø is the angle traveled by the Earth-moon system around the sun during this lunar month.
    Speed of Angels:
    So finally we can calculate the speed of angels in vacuum and compare it to the known speed of light in vacuum 299792.458 km/s:
    C t = 12000 V’ T
    And V’ = V cosø
    C t = 12000 V cosø T
    C = (12000 V cosø T) / t
    Substituting the NASA sidereal values of the periods T and t (from above table); ø is 26.9295 degrees and could be manually calculated at this footnote [4]; cosø = 0.8915645, we arrive at the velocity of angels as claimed in the Koran:
    C = (12000 x 3682.092 x 0.8915645 x 655.71986) / 86164.0906
    C = 299792.5 km/s
    Exactly the known speed of light!!!
    Moslems ask how could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have figured out the velocity of the moon relative to the speed of light?

    If you remove the Earth-moon system from the gravitational field of the sun, all observers will see the speed of light outside gravitational fields to be equivalent to 12000 Lunar orbits / Earth day.

    The energy for this isolated velocity V’ came from a reaction force from Earth and not from sun’s gravity:
    c = 12000 L’ / t’ = 12000 2 π R’ / t’
    Ocean friction is causing the rotation of Earth to slow down, that is, for the days to get longer (t’ increases). And as Earth’s rotation slows down the moon recedes (R’ increases).

    For the moon to orbit Earth with the same velocity and altitude but without any assistance from the sun, it needs to acquire even more energy from Earth’s spin; that is t’ has to increase until R’ = R. But due to a fundamental law in astrophysics the ratio R’ / t’ remains the same: The tidal force decelerating Earth is the same force pushing the moon. Since the force pushing the moon is gravitational, then it is inversely proportional to the square of the distance to the moon. Similarly, this same force decelerating Earth is proportional to the change in kinetic energy in Earth’s spin, that is, it is inversely proportional to the square of Earth day. This makes the square of the distance to the moon to be directly proportional to the square of Earth day. This implies that the distance to the moon remains proportional to Earth day. Hence R’ / t’ is a constant equal to 3.976120966 (R’ / t’ = R cosø / t’). This makes the equation in the Koran c = 12000 L’ / t’ to be composed only of constants, with no variables.
    4.5 billion years ago the moon formed when a planet collided with Earth. On impact, Earth gained angular momentum (rotational speed). This angular momentum has been slowly transferring to the lunar orbit. On impact of that planet with Earth, the molten debris recoiled with a certain escape velocity and sucked vaporized water and some gases from Earth’s atmosphere. This debris clustered to form the moon. But the moon couldn’t maintain those gases because it’s gravity was extremely weak; so it lost those gases along with some debris (about 17% of it’s initial mass) and settled in orbit without this mass. The equation in the Koran c = 12000 lunar orbits / Earth day has been true in the isolated system ever since the moon first lost this mass, that is, since the early creation of the Earth-moon; is true today and as the moon continues to recede this equation in the Koran will always be true. Thanks to Dr. M. Doudah: Preserved dynamics of Earth-moon since system birth

    [Quran 10.5] It is He (Allah) who made the sun to shine and the moon to light, and destined it in stages; that you may learn to count the years and the mathematics. Allah only created this in truth. He details His Signs for those who are knowledgeable (scientists).

    See how angels can reach anywhere in the universe before you finish reading this sentence: Wormholes (Below)
    (see the problem of Christians with the speed of light at footnote [5])
    -Top-
    ________________________________________
    Time Dilation
    Surprisingly, Moslems use another formula to reveal that angels indeed accelerate up to the speed of light. Their Koran states another verse in which angels traveling at a certain velocity, appear to experience slower time than humans. But this agrees with Einstein’s theory of special relativity, which says that a faster moving object appears to experience slower time. Moslems use Einstein’s theory of relativity with this verse from the Koran to assert that angels indeed accelerate up to the speed of light:
    [Quran 70.4] The angels and the Spirit ascend to Him in a day, the measure of which is fifty thousand years.
    Here angels will experience 1 day while humans will measure it as 50,000 years (time vs. time and not time vs. distance as the previous lunar verse). However, according to the theory of special relativity, given this time difference (time dilation), we can calculate the speed at which that object traveled. We can verify if those angels really accelerate up to the speed of light, as claimed by Moslems, or not. Moslems say that since this claim can be verified in two minutes, then there is absolutely no need for blind faith:
    It was not a Moslem but a Jew, Albert Einstein, who defined the famous theory of special relativity. According to this theory, space, time, and mass are not constant values; they change depending on the speed of that moving object. As the velocity of that object increases its time appears to elapse slower. Mathematically it is:

    (Where ∆to is the time measured for a mover by a mover; ∆t is the time measured for a mover by a stationary frame; v is the velocity of the mover relative to the stationary observer):
    ∆to is the time experienced by angels (1 day).
    ∆t is the time as measured by humans (50,000 lunar years x12 lunar months/lunar year x 27.321661 days/lunar month).
    v is the velocity of angels in this case (which we intend to calculate and then compare to the known speed of light).
    c is the known speed of light 299792.458 km/s, the speed of light in vacuum.
    From the above equation we can solve for the unknown velocity:

    So let’s insert the Moslem claims and see if their angels really accelerate up to the speed of light or not. Insert dates from this verse ‘The angels and the Spirit ascend to Him in a day, the measure of which is fifty thousand years’ into the formula:

    v = 299792.4579999994 km / s
    This time dilation (time difference) shows that angels indeed accelerate up to the speed of light (slightly less than c since they have mass). This can’t be a coincidence because this is the same speed calculated from the previous lunar verse.
    Moslems ask how could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have figured out Time Dilation and the core of Relativity?
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    General Relativity
    Moslems believe that Paradise and Hell are both much bigger and much more massive than Earth (but still much smaller than God’s Throne). The theory of general relativity says that time should pass slower near an object more massive than Earth (in a stronger gravitational field). So according to general relativity, time should pass in Paradise/Hell much slower than on Earth. Moslems say that this is what Allah says. It is stated in the Quran that 1 day in Paradise/Hell measures a 1000 years on Earth:
    [Quran 22.47] They challenge you to bring forth that torture [in Hell] and Allah will not break His promise; a day of your Lord [Paradise/Hell promise] is like a thousand years of what you count.
    Here God promises those who do not believe in Hell and punishment that each day of their torture in Hell will measure a thousand years on Earth. So according to the Quran, time passes faster on Earth than in Paradise/Hell. But this agrees with the theory of general relativity which says that time passes slower near bigger mass. Paradise and Hell are much more massive than Earth and time should pass there much slower than on Earth.
    Christians believe that God created the universe in 6 earthly days and rested on the 7th. Moslems believe that 6 days passed at God’s Throne but we experienced 13.5 billion years on Earth:
    Moslems believe that God is not bound to His Throne; rather He created it and set it as a reference. The Quran says that God’s Throne is even wider than the whole universe; so how about the mass of God’s Throne? God’s Throne is much more massive than Earth. Time should pass there much slower than on Earth. The theory of general relativity explains why time passes slower at God’s Throne than on Earth. General relativity explains why 6 days passed at God’s Throne but we measured it as 13.5 billion years (that is each day at God’s Throne measures around 2.25 billion years on Earth).
    Science says that the Earth is 4.5 billion years old and that the universe is 13.5 billion years old. This places the age of Earth at one third the age of the universe. Moslems say that this is what Allah says. The Quran says that God counted 6 days since the creation of the universe but God only counted 2 days since the creation of Earth:
    [Quran 50.38] We [Allah] created the heavens and the Earth and all what’s between them in six days, and We were not touched by fatigue.

    [Quran 41.9] Say: « Is it that you deny Him [Allah] who created the Earth in two days? And you claim others to be equal to Him? He is the Lord of (all) the Worlds. »
    So far, God counted 2 days for Earth and 6 days for the whole universe. The Quran clearly states that the age of Earth is one third the age of the universe [6]. Moslems ask how could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have figured out the age of Earth relative to the age of the universe?
    (The Christian Bible puts the creation of Earth on day one; making the age of Earth equal to the age of the universe)
    So according to the Quran:
    God’s Throne > Paradise/Hell > Earth
    The smaller the mass, the faster the time
    Moslems ask how could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have figured out that time passes slower near bigger mass?
    The Koran says that time does not pass at the same rate (time dilation). Christians don’t accept this time dilation (time difference) because their Bible says otherwise. (See proof that time dilation in the Christian Bible is wrong at footnote [7])
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    Pulsars and Black Holes
    General relativity predicted the formation of black holes from neutron stars. As more matter falls into a neutron star its mass increases; and as its mass increases its gravity increases. A point will be reached where gravity would have grown so much that not even light could escape, thus a black hole forms.
    Most neutron stars discovered today are in the form of radio pulsars. Radio pulsars are neutron stars that emit radio waves. We can simply connect a radio telescope to a loud speaker and hear a pulsar. Pulsars sound like someone persistently knocking. Click here and listen to a slow knocking pulsar. Click here and listen to a fast knocking pulsar.
    So in short, we can hear a pulsar knock; and if matter continues to fall into this pulsar a black hole will eventually form. Moslems say that this is what Allah says. The Quran describes a star by « The one who knocks » and says that it is « The one who makes a hole ».
    [Quran 86.1-3] And the heaven and the « Knocker » (Tarek in Arabic) 2 How could you know about the « Knocker »? 3 The piercing star (Thakeb in Arabic).
    The Arabic word « Thukb » means hole; « Thakeb » means the one who makes the hole. The Quran is describing a knocking star that makes a hole.
    Moslems ask how could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have figured out Pulsars and Black Holes?
    [Quran 26.2-6] These are the verses of a clarifying Book. 3 You might be frustrated that they don’t believe; 4 If We wish, We hand down from the heaven a sign (proof); their necks to it remain subdued. 5 And every new revelation they were given from The Most Gracious [Allah] they dismissed. 6 They disbelieved (the Quran), so they will receive the news of what they have been mocking.
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    Wormholes (Length Contraction)

    Look up to the night sky and select a star as a destination. Can any human reach this star by just walking few steps?

    General relativity explained a mechanism to contract this huge distance into few meters. Albert Einstein called this mechanism ‘bridges’ in space-time. Today, scientists call them wormholes. A wormhole would act as a shortcut connecting two distant regions in the universe.

    A wormhole contracts the distance between two doorways placed separately anywhere in the universe. A direct consequence of this distance contraction (length contraction) is the effect on the scenery. Events at the destination would appear as if in ‘Fast Forward’; while events at departure would appear as if in ‘Fast Rewind’:

    Example, consider a galaxy 100 million light years away. When you look today from Earth to that galaxy, you will not see it as it is today, but rather as it was 100 million years ago. This is because light took 100 million years to travel all that distance. But if you take a journey inside a wormhole from Earth to that galaxy, you would reach that galaxy today. So when you reach it today, you will see it as it is today, not as it was 100 million years ago. So as you go forward inside a wormhole, events at that galaxy (your destination) would appear as if in ‘Fast Forward’ (from 100 million years ago till today).

    When you reach that galaxy today and look back at Earth, you would not see Earth as it is today; instead you would see Earth as it was 100 million years ago (you would see the dinosaurs). This is because light took 100 million years to reach there. So as you go forward inside a wormhole, events at Earth (your departure) would appear as if in ‘Fast Rewind’ (from today till 100 million years ago).

    On the return journey, events on Earth (destination) would appear as if in ‘Fast Forward’ (from 100 million years ago till today); while the events at that galaxy (departure) would appear as if in ‘Fast Rewind’ (from today till 100 million years ago). This is not time travel; this is just a consequence of the length contraction inside a wormhole.

    So in short, a wormhole contracts the distance between two doorways placed separately anywhere in the universe. The effect on scenery is that the events at destination would appear as if in ‘Fast Forward’; while events at departure would appear as if in ‘Fast Rewind’. Moslems say that this is what Allah says. God says that there are doors in the heaven that contract interstellar distances into walking distances. The resulting scenery is bizarre:

    God says that those who do not believe in the message, will not believe it even if He showed them a bigger sign. God created beautiful towering structures in the heavens. If He opens for those nonbelievers a door in heaven and lets them continue walking through it to those distant structures, they would not believe that they really got there by simply walking few steps. Instead they would think that they are just optical illusions:
    [Quran 15.13-16] They do not believe the Message, like those who preceded them; 14 Even if We [Allah] opened upon them from the heaven a door and they continued walking through it 15 they would say ‘Our sight is bedazzled, rather we have been bewitched’ 16 It is We [Allah] who have made towering structures in the heavens and made them beautiful for beholders. 17 And We protected them from every evil spirit accursed.
    Here, they wouldn’t believe their own eyes thinking that what they see is not real. They wouldn’t believe that they got to those heavenly structures by simply walking few steps. But God insists that what they see is real and not illusions (that is, they really got there).

    The Quran says that those heavenly doors are galactic shortcuts to distant places in the universe. Angels guard those heavenly doors ‘from every evil spirit accursed’. Moslems believe that angels use these doors for long distance travel. Angels can accelerate up to the speed of light for domestic travel; but they use these wormholes to reach any place in the universe before you finish reading this sentence.

    Moslems ask how could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have figured out Length Contraction and Wormholes?

    [Quran 41.53] We (Allah) will show them Our signs in the universe, and in their souls, until it becomes clear to them that It (the Quran) is the truth. Is it not enough (for nonbelievers) that your Lord witnesses over all things?
    Allah gave a method of transportation to his angels throughout the universe. The Quran calls them ‘Maarej’ (Quran 70.3) and describes how angels use them for long distance travel. Today Moslems know that these ‘Maarej’ is what scientists call wormholes. Moslems also believe that wormholes are not strictly for the use of angels. Their prophet used a wormhole once in the ‘Israa & Meraaj’ (Meraaj is singular of Maarej) (Quran 17.1).

    See: The Quran describes the doorways of a wormhole like two shells, exactly like modern science: Islam & Life on other Planets.
    Moslems ask how could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have figured out Length Contraction and Wormholes?
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    Gravitational Lensing
    Science says that the universe was created in a Big Bang 13.5 billion years ago, is still expanding today, and billions of years from now it might collapse by its own gravity with a Big Crunch. Moslems say that this is what Allah says. The Koran says that on the first day of creation, God made the heavens and the Earth meshed together, tight and compact (Big Bang), continues to expand it into the universe we know today and at the last day God will recompress it into it’s original state (Big Crunch).
    About the first day (Big Bang), Allah says:
    [Quran 21.30] Do not those who disbelieve see that the heavens and the Earth were meshed together then We tore them apart? And then We made of water everything living? Would they still not believe?
    About expanding the universe today, Allah says:
    [Quran 51.47] And the heaven, We built it with craftsmanship and We are still expanding.
    About the last day (Big Crunch), Allah promises:
    [Quran 21.104] On the day when We will fold the heaven, like the folder compacts the books, and as We originated the first creation We shall return it; a promise (binding on Us); surely We will deliver.
    For this Big Crunch to occur more gravity is needed than the one provided by visible stars and planets. But scientists have just discovered Dark Matter. This mysterious Dark Matter provides the bulk of gravity that holds galaxies (not the regular matter that forms stars and planets). This Dark Matter has weird collision properties (collisionless). Simply put: we cannot see Dark Matter nor collide with it but we can detect it’s gravity.
    According to the Quran, we cannot see nor collide with Jinn but they have weight:
    [Quran 55.31] We [Allah] will settle your affair, both you of weight (man and jinn)
    The Jinn have weight means that we can detect their gravity and they can detect our gravity. So according to the Quran we cannot see the Jinn nor collide with them but we can detect their gravity.
    Just as the Jinn is of different type that we cannot see nor collide with but we can detect their gravity, there are six other Heavens that we cannot see nor collide with either but we can detect their gravity, superimposed above the visible one:
    [Quran 41.12] So [Allah] decreed them as seven heavens (one above the other) in two days and revealed to each heaven its orders. And We [Allah] adorned the lowest heaven with lights, and protection. Such is the decree of the Exalted; the Knowledgeable.
    According to the Quran, only the lowest Heaven has visible light. This means that this Dark Matter exists in the six Heavens superimposed above the lowest one. Also according to the Quran, each of these remaining six Heavens is of a different type and each has it’s own planets like Earth:
    [Quran 65.12] Allah is the one who created seven Heavens and from Earth like them (of corresponding type); [Allah’s] command descends among them so that you may know that Allah is capable of anything and that Allah knows everything.
    In Islam Earth is not a unique planet. Other planets like Earth do exist throughout the other six Heavens. It is just that we cannot see them nor collide with them but we can detect their gravity.
    General relativity predicted gravitational lensing, that is, the gravitational field generated by a galaxy causes the light passing through it to bend (change direction). Since this Dark Matter does not emit any light, scientists can only map its location by using gravitational lensing, that is, by detecting where light is bending in places where it shouldn’t. In this image a single galaxy emits light that gets bent by dozens of invisible dark matter galaxies:

    Moslem say that this is how God challenges nonbelievers to detect the remaining six superimposed Heavens:
    [Quran 67.3-4] [Allah] is the one who created seven superimposed Heavens. You do not see variations in the formations of the Compassionate, so redirect your sight, do you see any creation? 4 Then redirect your sight again, your vision returns to you in defeat and regret.
    Today they looked again and found those creations indeed.
    Moslems ask how could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have known about Dark Matter and Gravitational Lensing? How could he have figured out Length Contraction and Wormholes? How could he have known about Pulsars and Black Holes? How could he have known that time passes slower near bigger mass? How could he have figured out that faster objects experience slower time? How could he have figured out the speed of light?
    [Quran 34.6] And those who have received knowledge (scientists) will see that what have been sent down to you from your Lord (the Quran) is the Truth, and that it guides to the Path of the Exalted, Worthy of all praise.
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    Earth’s Rotation Slowing Down
    Science says that Earth is a sphere. Moslems say that this is what Allah says. The Quran says that when the night and the day overlap, they make a ball (sphere):
    [Quran 39.5] [Allah] Created the heavens and the Earth in truth. He overlaps [Yukawer in Arabic] the night over the day and overlaps [Yukawer] the day over the night, and enslaved the sun and the moon. Everything moves to a prerecorded destiny [on the Preserved Tablet]. Is He not the Exalted, the Forgiver?
    The Arabic word « Kura » means ball; It’s verb « Yukawer » means: to make into a ball. The Quran says that the overlapping of the night and the day makes a sphere (ball).
    Science says that the rotation of Earth is slowing down, that is, days are getting longer. Moslems say that this is what Allah says. The Quran says that Allah persistently asks more of the day and more of the night, that is, for the day to get longer:
    [Quran 7.54] And your Lord, Allah, who created the Heavens and the Earth in six days and then settled on the Throne (as reference). [Allah] Covers the night with the day, asks for it persistently; and the sun and the moon and the stars enslaved by His orders. Is this not His creation and His command? Blessed be Allah the Lord of all the worlds.
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    Tectonics
    Science says that the Earth’s crust has been slowly moving for billions of years. Not only mountains are still slowly moving but also whole continents. Moslems say that this is what Allah says:
    [Quran 27.88] You see the mountains and think they are firmly fixed: but they are moving away just like the clouds are moving away: (such is) the artistry of Allah, Who disposes of all things in perfect order: for He knows all what you do.
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    Atmospheric Pressure
    Science says that atmospheric pressure decreases with altitude; The higher the altitude the more difficult breathing becomes. Moslems say that this is what Allah says. The Quran says that as we ascend to the sky it becomes more difficult for us to breath:
    [Quran 6.125] Those whom Allah wants to guide, He opens their chests to Islam; And those whom He wants to leave astray, He makes their chests tight and constricted, as if they are ascending to the sky: Such is the penalty of Allah on those who refuse to believe.
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    Ice in Comets
    Science says that water on Earth actually came from outer space, particularly from ice in comets. When those comets enter our atmosphere, the heat generated on entry vaporizes this ice into the atmosphere. Moslems say that this is what Allah says. God says that there are mountains in heaven that have ice inside them. Those mountains could fall on Earth making a very bright flash.
    [Quran 24.43] Can’t you see that Allah makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a pile? Then you see rain come out from within? And He [Allah] sends down from heaven mountains with ice inside them; that strike whomever He wishes or miss whoever He wishes; Its’ flash almost blinds you.

    Moslems ask where did this come from? How could an illiterate man who lived 1400 years ago have figured out that the stars were born from heated gas and dust if he never had a telescope? How could he have described the early stages of the embryonic development of a fetus if he never had a microscope? How could he have located the lowest geographical point on Earth if he never had a GPS? How could he have identified which part of the human brain is responsible for motivation, planning and moral judgment if modern science only determined that in the past few years with the most sophisticated equipment ever? Moslems ask if their prophet was not sent by God then where did this come from?
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    [1] The Arabic word « Araj » means a man with a lame leg. In this verse, the Quran specifically uses it’s verb « Yaruj » which simply means a man walking on a lame leg. The Quran is describing the speed at which His orders (amr) are carried out and literally says that it is « at a measure (mekdar) of one thousand years of what you count”. This verse is emphasizing the lame steps and describing something quantitative; so what is quantitative about walking? Time and distance. Time is defined at one day and the other quantitative thing is 1000 years of what they counted. So the other quantitative thing has to be distance, not time. So the orders are carried out at a rate equal to this distance over this time.

    About this Preserved Tablet:
    [Quran 85.21-22] But it is a Glorious Quran. 22 Inscribed on a Preserved Tablet.
    Moslems believe that Archangel Gabriel got the Quran to their prophet from this Preserved Tablet:
    [Quran 15.8-11] We only send down the angels in Truth; if they were not (in truth), no respite would they have 9 We have sent down the Message; and We will preserve it 10 We did send Messengers before you among the religious sects of the old 11 But never came a Messenger to them but they mocked him.
    The Quran and all the instructions to all angels are inscribed on this Preserved Tablet. The angels were originally made of light, and the speed at which they commute to and from this Tablet turned out to be the known speed of light.

    [2] Special Relativity says that the speed of light in vacuum is constant. But « vacuum » does not only mean outside matter but also means outside gravitational fields; that is, if you are in a gravitational field then you are not in vacuum even if there is no air around you. In this case special relativity does not hold.
    It is General Relativity that deals with the effects of gravitational fields. And according to general relativity the velocity of light varies with the intensity of the gravitational field:

    Where is the gravitational potential relative to the point where the speed of light co is measured.
    Simply put: Light appears to travel slower in stronger gravitational fields (near bigger mass).
    [3] In isolated systems all external factors are screened out. This reveals the intrinsic characteristics, relations and capabilities of the system, that is, what the Earth-moon system can do on it’s own without any external effects.
    The compounded velocity V is the vectorial sum of the velocity acquired from the sun’s gravity plus the isolated velocity acquired from Earth’s spin V’. This means that without the sun’s pull the moon’s velocity would only be V’ = V cosø and the isolated orbital length L’ = L cosø.
    For the Earth-moon system to be outside gravitational fields then the altitude above the sun has to increase. And as the altitude above the sun increases the moon does not have enough energy to stay long at the compounded radius R and isolated velocity V’ = V cosø (too high too slow), instead it starts a spiral descent to the isolated radius R’ = R cosø and accelerates to a final velocity of . Hence without the sun, the length of the lunar orbit becomes L’ = 2πR’ = 2πRcosø = Lcosø (i.e. 12000 L’ / t’ = 12000 Lcosø / t’) and the orbital period decreases.
    In other words, if you remove the Earth-moon system from the gravitational field of the sun, all observers will see the speed of light outside gravitational fields to be equivalent to 12000 lunar orbits / Earth day.
    As the lunar orbit acquires more energy from Earth’s spin, it does not actually speed up, instead it slows down because it orbits at a higher altitude (R’ increases); the orbital period increases and the length of the lunar orbit increases. As R’ reaches R, the isolated lunar orbit would have acquired the same radius and velocity as the one achieved with the assistance of the sun (R’ = R & V’ = V) but with a slower rotating Earth.
    Note: the ratio of the orbital binding energies (the ratio of the work required to move the moon against gravity to infinity) is:

    [4] The entire lunar orbit changes direction with respect to stars by the same angle it orbits the sun. Since these two angles are equal, we can simply calculate the angle around the sun (because it is easier) and then use it in the other. We can calculate ø from the period of one heliocentric revolution of the Earth-moon system (365.2421987 days):
    ø = 27.32166088 days x 360 degrees / 365.2421987 days = 26.92952225 degrees
    [5] The Christian Bible says that the universe was created less than ten thousand years ago. Science says that the universe was created 13.5 billion years ago. We can actually observe galaxies 13 billion light years away; that is, light already traveled 13 billion years before it reached us. This alone proves their Bible wrong. To fix this problem, they need the speed of light to decay (to slow down over time); that is, light was faster and covered that distance in much shorter time. But the theory of relativity says that the speed of light is constant… Since the theory of relativity contradicts their Bible, they reject it. They need the theory of relativity to be wrong for their Bible to be correct.
    [6] Moslems believe that God sustains all living things. And all His commands to the angels to sustain man and animals were inscribed on the Preserved Tablet. The Quran says that not even a leaf would drop on Earth without it being previously recorded in this Preserved Tablet.
    God says that He inscribed this Preserved Tablet before the creation of Earth started. The Quran says that God answered our prayers today (as commands for the angels on the Preserved Tablet) during the first four days when Earth was still smoke. After this God ordered Earth to form:
    [Quran 41.9-12] Say: « Is it that you deny Him [Allah] who created the Earth in two days? And you claim others to be equal to Him? He is the Lord of (all) the Worlds. » 10 He set on it (Earth) mountains, and bestowed it with blessings. And [Allah] estimated all its sustenance in four days, equally for those who ask (prayers) 11 AFTER THIS (Thumma in Arabic) [Allah] commanded the heaven and it was still smoke. He said to it and to Earth: « Come together, willingly or unwillingly. » They said: « We do come together, in willing obedience ». 12 So [Allah] decreed them as seven heavens (one above the other) in two days and revealed to each heaven its orders. And We [Allah] adorned the lowest heaven with lights, and retentions (gravity). Such is the decree of the Exalted; the Knowledgeable.
    God answered our prayers today when Earth was still smoke (the first four days). After this (Thumma) God ordered Earth to form. The formation of Earth took two days. So our prayers today are already answered on the Preserved Tablet since before the formation of Earth started.

    Also in the last two days, God created seven heavens, one above the other, but we can only see the lights of the lowest one. The six Heavens superimposed above the lowest one with visible light contain the illusive Dark Matter.
    [7] It is interesting to note that the Christian Bible has a similar claim about time dilation (time difference):
    (2Peter 3:8) But do not forget this one thing, dear friends: With the Lord a day is like a thousand years, AND A THOUSAND YEARS ARE LIKE A DAY. 9 The Lord is not slow in keeping his promise, as some understand slowness. He is patient with you, not wanting anyone to perish, but everyone to come to repentance.
    Obviously this verse is talking about God’s patience, but some Christians say that it predated the scientific claims of the Koran.
    First, this verse describes time vs. time (and not time vs. distance). So if this time difference (time dilation) is due to the mass of God’s Throne, then the Bible got it wrong: 1 day at God’s Throne should measure 2.25 billion years on Earth. Instead the Bible says « With the Lord a day is like a thousand years ». Here the bible missed by a whole 2,250,000,000 years! The other part says « AND A THOUSAND YEARS ARE LIKE A DAY », that is, 1000 years by God measures 1 day on Earth; here the Bible got it in reverse! So how small is God’s Throne? Even if God’s Throne is microscopic, Earth is not massive enough to generate this time dilation.
    Second, if this verse was referring to time dilation due to God’s movement then it got it all wrong as well. Special relativity states that a faster moving object experiences slower time and not the other way round. In this verse in the Bible, it is man who experiences the slower time; hence travels faster than God! Man experiences less time of 1 day (travels fast) and God experiences more time of 1000 years (travels slow). This verse practically says that once God travels faster than man but immediately follows it with a fatal mistake that man travels faster than God.
    Third, some Christians claim that Quran 32.5 (angels travel in a day the same distance that the moon travels in a 1000 years) is a restatement of this Bible verse. The problem with this Christian claim is that the Quran is referring to the angels moving and not God moving. Here in this Bible verse God has to be moving. And assuming that God is moving, not only this verse does not talk about any distance traveled, but also Christians and the Jews before them used solar years. The Jews used to add a 13th lunar month every few years to make up for the difference between the lunar and the solar year. The calculations based on their standards fails to reveal the speed of light.
    No, the Bible got it wrong in every possible way.
    Actually the Bible records scientific knowledge that contradicts all modern science and genetics. While today’s scientists have confirmed that animals inherit their colors and stripes from their parents (through DNA), the Bible says something else: In Genesis 30:37-42, the Bible explains how baby goats get their streaked colors: If their parents were mating AND LOOKING at upright rods, then the baby goats will have stripes. While if their parents were mating BUT NOT LOOKING at upright rods, then the baby goats will not have stripes!

    Do we really need science to reject this one?
    Anyhow, if science is too much for the Bible, let’s try common sense: Common sense says that the sun illuminates Earth, and that without sunlight darkness will cover the Earth. Is there anything simpler? But the Bible says something else: In Genesis 1:1-31, the Bible explains how the sun is related to day and night. The Bible says that on the first day, God created the light and darkness on Earth. The first evening came and the first morning followed. But God did not create the sun until the fourth day, specifically after three evenings and three mornings. So three evenings and the three mornings occurred on Earth before there was a sun. So according to the Bible, daylight occurs without the sun!
    [Quran 2.23-24] And if you were in doubt about what We have revealed to Our servant, then bring forth a book like the Quran; and call your witnesses (scientists) to prove it contrary to Allah, if you were truthful. 24 But you cannot and will never (be able). So beware of a fire whose fuel is men and stones prepared for blasphemers.
    [Quran 42.14] They only disbanded after they received knowledge (of their Bible) fallaciously among them. And if it were not a word from your Lord [Allah] that postponed it to a later date, it would have been all settled among them then. And those who inherited the Book (the Bible) from them are in great suspicion of it. 15 Therefore call them (to the Quran) and straighten your ways as you are ordered and don’t follow their passions and say: « I believe in what Allah revealed of the Book (The Quran) and I was ordered to be just among you (both Christians and Jews); Allah is our Lord and your Lord, we have our actions and you have your actions, no argument between us and you, Allah brings us together and to Him we are (all) destined. »
    To Moslems:
    [Quran 6.108] Do not curse those who call (to worship) other than Allah, so that they don’t curse Allah out of spite and ignorance. This is how We [Allah] appealed to each people its own actions; then they will be brought back to their Lord [Allah] who will inform them of what they have been doing.
    See also: Origin of man in Quran: God made Evolution, not instant Creation
    Downloadable English version of Quran: http://islam.us/downloads.php
    Download from: http://www.speed-light.info
    //////////////////////////////////////

    Salutations,
    MH99




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  • nightingale
    30 juillet 2010 at 16 h 05 min - Reply

    @ eldjouchi,

    le titre de l’article m’a coupe lappetit de le lire, mais ton poste ne corrige rien, mais il rajoute a l’aberration.. pourquoi on doit faire sens du monde a travers les paradigmes de lautre.. meme nos produits culturels on les regardent, on les legitimisent ou delegitimisent a travers le prisme occidental.. pkoi on doit lire et evaluer malek bennebi soi a travers la soi-disant « theologie de liberation » de l’amerique latine ou l’opus dei espagnole?!




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